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Why schizophrenia is worst brain disorder

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What is schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe type brain disorder which can badly affect the patients and their relatives’ life. This disease has the capability to remove the brain from the driving seat. Without the driver, you may know the possibilities. Hallucinations, delusions, depression, anxiety, and many other madness symptoms are mostly present in schizophrenics.

In the past schizophrenia was knows as complete madness in the general public and as dementia praecox in the medical field. Peoples generally know this illness as complete madness and it is true as this disease can disconnect the connection of the patient from real life and it can put the patient in that world which doesn’t exist. Like a fantasy delusional world that has no authentic value.

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Schizophrenia is a mental disease with no “cure”. Treatment is available and in most cases, lifetime treatment is needed. For the medical field, this disease is a hard puzzle to solve. Because accurate causes of this disease are unknown.

Moreover, treatment of schizophrenia also has some noticeable side effects especially antipsychotics used to treat schizophrenia produce disturbing and alarming side effects in patients. That is why Drug companies and Medical Experts are trying to produce Antiphyscotics drugs with the least side effects and more effectiveness.

How schizophrenia is affecting the peoples

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Schizophrenia can affect every person of any class. In developed countries, good treatments for this disease are easily available but in developing countries, it is affecting the patients badly due to the least treatment facilities or less awareness about this mental illness.

In rural areas of developing countries, this disease is destroying perhaps killing the patient because in those areas availability chances of treatment from the physiatrist are very minimum. Moreover in urban areas of those countries treatment facilities for schizophrenia are not up to the required standard.

According to data from Trusted sources, schizophrenia is affecting more than 20 million peoples worldwide but these numbers are not too accurate as these health surveys have less access to poor countries especially to their rural areas.

Real numbers of schizo patients are believed to high than estimated numbers

Chances of early death in schizophrenia patients are very high. These patients are more likely to die early as compared to common peoples because schizophrenics face the symptoms of many diseases like depression, anxiety, severe insomnia, high blood pressure, diabetes, and many more. Antipsychotics used for the treatment of schizophrenia also add many health issues in patients’ life.

The suicide rate in schizophrenia patients is very high as compared to other severe disease patients. It is believed that 4.9 percent of schizophrenic patients do successfully suicide attempt due to the symptoms of this disease and unsuccessful numbers of suicide attempts by patients are much high.

This disease can destroy the patient life completely. There are many cases of patients who were living a high standard life before the schizophrenia symptoms but due to this disease’s severity and its disturbance in daily life, they completely lose their life achievements.

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Personally, I have also seen its examples. A friend of mine has also suffered from this disease and I have published his story on this website. Another story is about a woman who was a high-scale bank officer but due to schizophrenia now she is homeless and is living in a small cab. I don’t know why she is not in a physiatry hospital, perhaps due to her mild symptoms she is been neglected by authorities.

This disease not only affects the patient life but it affects their relative’s life more badly. The strange behavior of patients can put their families in serious exams. They can suffer along with the patient for life without proper treatment of a diagnosed patient.

In society, schizophrenia is not considered an illness. Most peoples believe it a complete madness and they hesitate to get treatment or some try to avoid the diagnosed patients. They considered them violent. They think patients can cause serious harm to them. This perception is not true. There are some violent cases reported but in most cases, these patients do not harm peoples. They can act unpredictably but to attach a violence label with this specific disease patient is not appropriate.

The onset age of schizophrenia

Almost 1 percent of peoples in the United States are affected by schizophrenia. Usually, this disease shows symptoms between 18 to 30 years of age. There are also noticeable schizophrenia cases in children also. Like a famous case in the United States, an 11 years old jenny was affected by this disease. Generally, this mental disorder does not show first-time symptoms in old peoples. Like a person with 40 plus age has the least risks of getting diagnosed with this disease studies have said.

Symptoms of schizophrenia

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This disease has many noticeable and strange-looking or feeling symptoms. From delusional to hallucination to irregular thoughts many issue-generating symptoms are present in schizophrenic patients. Here are schizophrenia symptoms that may be present in the patient:

  1. Hallucination (Listening to voices of known or unknown peoples, seeing unnatural or fantasy things, unusual or strange-smelling)
  2. Thought disorders (Irregular-uncontrolled-repetitive thoughts and patient may claim to read others peoples thoughts or his/her thoughts are catchable by others, it is also a delusional symptom)
  3. Memory problems (like forgetting things)
  4. Laughing without any reason (Patient may tell you that he/she has no idea for the laughing reasons)
  5. Lack of feelings and emotions (These symptoms may cause their family member to get afraid as some patient don’t act normally in some reasonable situations)
  6. Delusions (Making false belief like someone is trying to do something or strict beliefs without proof)
  7. Facing difficulty to understand problems (like hesitating to make a struggle to solve the daily life problem)
  8. Too much fear (patient may tell you that he/she is fearing for life loss or family members life is in danger)

Schizophrenia Symptoms dependS on the severity of the disease. Some may get the least symptoms or some high-intensity symptoms. Early treatment of schizophrenia works best to reduce the risks of serious longtime complications.

Causes of schizophrenia

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The authentic causes of schizophrenia are unknown. Even after a lot of researches and studies scientists have not found the right causes for this disease. There are some factors under health experts’ eyes that they think may contribute to triggering this disease. Here are some believed causes that may contribute to schizophrenia:

  • Genetics
  • Environment
  • Issues during pregnancy
  • Malnutrition at an early age

Treatment of schizophrenia

Many treatments for schizophrenia are available. Patients are treated by counseling, different therapies, and by prescribing Antiohyscotics drugs. Schizophrenia is a lifelong condition that needs treatment for life in most cases.

These antipsychotic drugs are prescribed by a physiatrist whose specialty is based on treating mental patients. Physcytrist can prescribe different antipsychotics to patients and can change them according to these drug’s effectiveness or side effects. In most cases, the patient needs to take these medicines for life.

Most schizophrenic patients are treated with Antiphysotic drugs due to their effectiveness against schizophrenia symptoms. These drugs can be in tablet or in liquid form (injection). Effectiveness of Antipsychotic Injection lasts longer as compared to the tablet.

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Side effects of Antipsychotics

Studies and researches have observed many antipsychotic drug side effects in schizophrenia patients. Some side effects can be mild or some can cause serious issues. Here are some common Adverse side effects of Antiphyscotics drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia patients:

  1. Highly noticeable weight gain (in a few month patients may gain 10 kg or more)
  2. Elevated glucose level
  3. Sexual dysfunction
  4. Low testosterone levels
  5. High prolactin levels
  6. Fatigue or slow body movement
  7. Cholesterol levels changes
  8. Seizures
  9. Uncontrolled muscles movements

According to studies Antipsychotic drugs for this disease may contribute to causing more health disorders. Here are some:

  • Dystonia (Muscles movement disorder)
  • Akathisia (feelings against rest, urge to move)
  • Pseudoparkinsonism ( Drug-induced parkinsonism)
  • Dyskinesia (involuntary uncontrolled movement)
  • Poikilothermia (in this condition body loses the ability to control inner temperature)
  • Delirium (Abrupt mental behavior changes)
  • May worsen eye diseases (like Glaucoma)
  • Urine problems (smelly, bubbly, white, or urine retention)
  • Neutropenia (low white blood cells-neutrophils)

Some of these side effects are mild and some are severe. Most peoples get no other way to improve their symptoms without taking the Antipsychotics. Different medicines may cause different symptoms. Talk with your doctor if you are feeling any abnormal side effects.

Schizophrenia and Recovery

It is a severe mental condition and needs good treatment to recover. “Schizophrenic patient can’t be recovered” is a false belief of general peoples. Recovery from schizophrenia is possible with good, proper, treatment and care.

Researches have shown that with medicines and therapies many patients can recover from this disease. About 25 percent of patients are being reported to recover from this disease completely and 50 percent of patients saw significant improvement in their symptoms with treatment. Small numbers of peoples may need care and guide even with treatment due to less improved symptoms.

Facts about schizophrenia

⇒It is a disease in which symptoms can be visible for a long or short period of time. Relapse and Continues appearance of symptoms are common in patients.

⇒There is no proper Medical diagnosis test for this disease. The behavior and history of the patient help the doctor in most cases.

⇒A schizophrenic patient can get a lot of other mental problems along with this disease.

⇒Unemployment, poverty, and homelessness are common issues that patients with this disease face.

⇒Schizophrenia can decrease 20 years from the patient life.

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⇒Sometimes Antiphyscotics used to treat Schizophrenia cause more damage to the patient’s health than the brain disorder itself.

⇒5 percent of schizophrenia patients commit successfully suicide attempt. 17000 peoples were died in 2015 due to this disease.

⇒Schizophrenia treatment usually required for patients’ whole remaining life.

⇒Most patients don’t unveil their diagnosis to others due to highly stigma attachment with this disease.

⇒Einstein’s son “Eduard Einstein” was a victim of this disease.

⇒Joh Nash Noble prize winner was also diagnosed with this disease.

⇒Schizophrenia cost $62.7 billion to the United States in 2002.

⇒There are numerous cases of violence towards patients from normal peoples.

⇒In the past, some patients were killed due to their false believes about being a God Messenger. Most cases happened in Muslim countries.

⇒In the past, these patients were usually thrown in closed rooms.

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⇒Some patients can recover from this disease completely without the need of further treatment.

⇒In the past murder of these patients was considered good for patients and society. Like in Nazi Germany thousands of schizophrenia patients were killed in an effort to eradicate this disease from the country.

⇒There is no cure for this disease.

⇒These patients are found less in hospitals but more on the roads and in the jail cells.

⇒If you make a random group of 100 peoples then one of them may have this disease.

⇒In the past murder of these patients was considered good for patients and society. Like in Nazi Germany thousands of schizophrenia patients were killed in an effort to eradicate this disease from the country.

Citations
  1. Schizophrenia. (2021). Retrieved 22 May 2021, from books.google
  2. Palmer BA, Pankratz VS, Bostwick JM. The lifetime risk of suicide in schizophrenia: a reexamination. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Mar;62(3):247-53. PMID: 15753237
  3. Patel, K. R., Cherian, J., Gohil, K., & Atkinson, D. (2014). Schizophrenia: overview and treatment options. P & T : a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management39(9), 638–645.
  4. Schizophrenia and Violence: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000120
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Abdullah
Abdullah
I'm a medical student who's currently studying at the prestigious University UVAS. I am fond of writing, and I'll share useful information and other creative stories on "Address4Health". You can directly contact me here: abdullah@address4health.com
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